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In order for proper vision to occur, light enters the eye and is projected to the inner surface of the back of the eye, which is known as the retina. The retina then transmits visual signals to the brain. If a cataract blocks or severely distorts the light before it reaches the retina, then a child’s light is blocked or distorted by a cataract before it reaches the retina, the image received by the retina may be blurred or blocked completely.  This can hinder normal visual development in the child and cause amblyopia.