Patients with uveal coloboma should have yearly follow-up exams by an eye care professional. However, there is currently no medication or surgery that can cure or reverse coloboma and make the eye whole again. Treatment consists of helping patients adjust to vision problems through methods including:
- Correcting any refractive error with glasses or contact lenses.
- Maximizing the vision of the most affected eye in asymmetric cases. This may involve patching or using drops to temporarily blur vision in the stronger eye for a limited period of time.
- Ensuring that amblyopia (lazy eye) does not develop in childhood in case of asymmetry. Sometimes amblyopia treatment (patching, glasses and/or drops) can improve vision in eyes even with severe colobomas.
- Treating any other eye condition that may be present with coloboma, such as cataracts.
Nearly all of the above information is courtesy of the National Eye Institute, National Institutes of Health (NEI/NIH).