Yes. Some of the different types of amblyopia include:
- Refractive amblyopia, which is typically caused when one eye has a significant refractive error caused by hyperopia (farsightedness), myopia (nearsightedness) or astigmatism (irregularly shaped pupil). Most refractive errors can be corrected with glasses. Children with refractive amblyopia may not show any visible signs of problems with their eyes.
- Strabismic amblyopia, which develops when a child has an alignment problem in one or both eyes. The medical term for misaligned eyes is strabismus, sometimes commonly referred to as crossed eyes. Sometimes the strabismus is visible, if the child appears cross-eyed or one eye is angled inward (esotropia) or outward (exotropia) or up or down. But amblyopia can also develop even if the eye is only very slightly misaligned, known as “microstrabismus,” which may not be noticed by a parent and might only be detected by photoscreening or a visual exam by an eye care professional.
- Deprivation amblyopia, which can be caused when a cataract, media opacity, ptosis (droopy eye lid), or other occlusion deprives a one or both of a child’s eyes from seeing normally.
- Bilateral amblyopia, which means a child has vision problems in both eyes. Typically, however, amblyopia is limited to just one eye.